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What are the echocardiographic features of mitral valve prolapse ?

What are the echocardiographic features of mitral valve prolapse ? 

• M-mode: abrupt posterior displacement of the posterior or sometimes both valve leaflets in mid or late systole.

• 2D: systolic displacement of one or both mitral valve leaflets into the left atrium. John Barlow, South African Professor of Cardiology. Celia Oakley, Professor of Cardiology, Hammersmith Hospital, London (Q J Med 1985; 219: 317)

Mention a few associated conditions with mitral valve prolapse.

Mention a few associated conditions with mitral valve prolapse.

 • Marfan's syndrome.

• Chronic rheumatic heart disease.

• lschaemic heart disease.

 • Cardiomyopathies.

 • 20% of patients with atrial septal defects - secundum type.

 • Ehlers Danlos syndrome.

• Psoriatic arthritis.

 • Ebstein's anomaly. • SLE.

What are the complications of mitral valve prolapse ?

What are the complications of mitral valve prolapse ?

 • Severe mitral regurgitation.

• Arrhythmias: ventricular premature contractions, ventricular tachycardia, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia.

• Atypical chest pain.

 • Transient ischaemic attacks (TIAs), embolism.

• Infective endocarditis in those with mitral regurgitation.

• Sudden death.

Postimet e fundit






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